Standard Precautions are used for all patient care. They’re based on a risk assessment and make use of common-sense practices and personal protective equipment use that protect healthcare providers from infection and prevent the spread of infection from patient to patient.

Perform hand hygiene

Use personal protective equipment (PPE) whenever there is an expectation of possible exposure to infectious material

Follow respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette principles

Ensure appropriate patient placement

Properly handle and properly clean and disinfect patient care equipment and instruments/devices

Clean and disinfects the environment appropriately

Handle textiles and laundry carefully

Follow safe injection practices

Wear a surgical mask when performing lumbar punctures

Ensure healthcare worker safety including proper handling of needles and other sharps